Purpose of a critical review The critical review is a writing task that asks you to summarise and evaluate a text. The critical review can be of a book, a chapter, or a journal article. Writing the critical review usually requires you to read the selected text in detail and to also read other related texts so that you can present a fair and reasonable evaluation of the selected text. What is meant by critical?
Biologists and neuroscientists pair up with psychologists and philosophers to understand how the brain functions and how a physical brain creates our experience of the world. Given the complexity of the argument, trying to understand the Neolithic mind looking at the archeological evidences of material culture with the help of cognitive scientists may sound like a crazy prospect, yet a truly interesting one.
A four-day conference titled Consciousness and creativity at the dawn of settled life attempted to achieve this inter-disciplinary goal. In their project description Hodder and Haddow state that the claim for cognitive change in the Neolithic Middle East brought about by a number of scholars including Levi-Strauss, de Chardin and Cauvin is acceptable considering the proliferation of new techniques and ways of life in the Neolithic Near East.
They criticise, however, the lack of the testing of the claims made: The clever strategy of this conference instead focused on one of the component parts against the whole: Researchers took on to measure various changes in consciousness in various specific archeological material.
Higher levels of consciousness were identified in abstract symbols, greater creativity identified in the diversification of ceramics, and a sense of distributed self identified in partible body parts in burials and figurines.
More theoretical presentations included a wide range of topics from the correlation between material culture and the self by Fiona Coward; the perception of time by Marion Benz; to home-making and community in the Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic by Lisa Maher; and vitality by Anna Fagan.
The final part of the conference was reserved to the cognitive scientists.
Paul Howard-Jones, John Sutton, Michael Wheeler and Chris Thornton presented different approaches to cognition function and formation, and participated in the testing of hypotheses in archeological material. The conference as a whole provided mind-expanding discussion though it was difficult to pin down the discussion at times.
One realises how complex the task posed by Hodder was when it came to generate inter-disciplinary debate within the discipline itself, a task likely to exceed a single conference. The conference made evident that in such inter-disciplinary context experts and researchers are expected to take a critical and self-reflexive look at their own disciplines as well as reflect upon the importance of inter-disciplinary thought today.
This entire symbolic production holds great cognitive complexity and abstraction reflecting the complexity of the social world in which the inhabitants lived. After all, it can be no coincidence that this inter-disciplinary conference on the topic of consciousness and creativity in the context of a Neolithic site was organised at this precise time in history.
Consciousness is not a hot topic today in a globally entangled world for no reason and it is no less than common knowledge that we need to be highly creative and imaginative in this precise moment in history in order to build a future for ourselves in this world.
It is also obvious that we need to understand the past in order to create a future for ourselves. Perhaps the question this conference made most evident is, are we ready to see this?I’m a freelance archaeological illustrator who works for a variety of archaeological projects, including the Çatalhöyük Research Project.
I draw artifacts, infographics, and maps, as well as reconstruction scenes of past people, architecture, and landscapes. The following critical review, critiques the similarities and differences of three academic journal articles from “ The Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Management” ().
The selected articles discuss education through tourism, factors that motivate towards it, and the . Catal Huyuk (pronounced cha-tel hoo-yek, or Çatalhöyük in Turkish) is an archaeological site in what is now south-central Turkey.
Along with Jericho, it's considered one of . A mural excavated at the Neolithic Çatalhöyük site (Central Anatolia, Turkey) has been interpreted as the oldest known map.
Dating to ∼ BCE, it putatively depicts an explosive summit eruption of the Hasan Dağı twin-peaks volcano located ∼ km northeast of Çatalhöyük, and a birds. Essay A Critical Review of ‘Strategy as Stretch and Leverage’ A Critical Review of ‘Strategy as Stretch and Leverage’ Academics argue a lot on strategic approaches that a company should make to gain competitiveness advantages over its competitors.
A mural excavated at the Neolithic Çatalhöyük site (Central Anatolia, Turkey) has been interpreted as the oldest known map. Dating to ∼ BCE, it putatively depicts an explosive summit eruption of the Hasan Dağı twin-peaks volcano located ∼ km northeast of Çatalhöyük, and a birds.