Europe in the Early Middle Ages.
How the EU began The European Union grew out of a desire for peace in a war-torn and divided continent. Five years after World War II ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure their two countries would never go to war against each other again.
The result was a deal signed by six nations to pool their coal and steel resources in The UK was one of three new members to join in the first wave of expansion in Today the EU has 28 member states with a total population of more than million.
Which countries belong to the EU?
The EU has grown steadily from its six founding members to 28 countries. Britain, Ireland and Denmark joined in the first wave of expansion infollowed by Greece in and Portugal and Spain five years later.
The biggest enlargement came in when 10 new member countries joined. Romania and Bulgaria joined in and Croatia was latest to sign up in How does the EU work? Watch the video to find out how they fit together and what they do.
Content currently unavailable 4. What does it all cost? Each country receives money back from the EU to support development and other projects.
The UK also gets a rebate, or money back, on its contribution, because much of the budget is spent on agricultural subsidies and the UK does not gain nearly as much as other countries like France.
After all repayments were taken into account inBritain contributed about Germany paid the largest share, How does the EU spend its money?
The EEC started out as a trading bloc - with free movement of goods and services within the Common Market - now its interests include reducing regional inequalities, preserving the environment, promoting human rights and investing in education and research.
British citizens are free to work in any EU country and EU funding is spent on supporting farmers, boosting jobs in the UK, redeveloping rundown areas, and grants for university research.
The EU has contributed to cheaper travel by challenging monopolies and boosting competition.
It has reduced the cost of mobile data roaming and set water quality standards in Europe. But giving subsidies to farmers led to over-supply of some crops and so the EU was forced to rethink its agriculture policy.
Critics say the EU has taken too much power from the UK government, its regulations are costly to the British economy and without them, Britain would be able to sign other trade deals with growing economies like China and India.
Why is there a referendum? There have been growing calls for a vote on whether to stay or leave the union, as it has grown and become more powerful. In the past, the UK has chosen to opt out of some key EU decisions, like the single currency or euro and the Schengen Treaty, which relaxed border controls.
Prime Minister David Cameron wants Britain to stay in the EU, if certain changes are made to the rules - including lower benefits paid to migrants and greater protection for states not in the eurozone. Critics believe Britain is being held back by the EU, gets little in return for the money it pays in and would be better taking back control of its borders.The Bill cuts off the source of European Union law in the UK by repealing the European Communities Act and removing the competence of European Union institutions to legislate for the UK.
As such, the EUW Bill has been referred to as “the Great Repeal Bill”.
Sep 27, · News about European Union, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. The present enlargement agenda of the European Union regards Turkey and the Western Balkan states of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and iridis-photo-restoration.com states must negotiate the terms of their EU accession with the current member states, and align their domestic legislation with EU law before joining..
Turkey has a long-standing application with the EU, but their. Resources. iridis-photo-restoration.com offers a wide range of free downloadable resources such as whitepapers, case studies, and targeted analysis provided by industry leaders. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
It has an area of 4,, km 2 (1,, sq mi) and an estimated population of over million. The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill. The European Union (Withdrawal) Bill (the EUW Bill) was introduced to the House of Commons on 13 July The EUW Bill cuts off the source of European Union law in the UK by repealing the European Communities Act , converts EU law and preserves EU-related domestic law onto the post-exit day statute book and provides delegated powers to make .