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In this article I present a description of grammatical gender in Bajjika, a minority language of the Eastern Indo-Aryan family spoken in a small region in the northern part of the north Indian state of Bihar.
Grammatical gender in Bajjika is expressed in the nominal forms, definitive particles, and verbal agreement. Although the morphology of Bajjika verb-agreement is one of the most elaborate in Indo-Aryan languages, the formalization of gender in the verbal morphology is very simple; the gender of only the second person honorific and the third person honorific referents in the subject function is encoded.
The definitive particle receives gender marking when it is added to an adjective.
Perspectives on Language and Language Development brings together new perspectives on language, discourse and language development in 31 chapters by leading scholars from several countries with diverging backgrounds and disciplines. It is a comprehensive overview of language as a rich, multifaceted system, inspired by the lifework of Ruth A. Berman. Incorporating insights from prior language acquisition research, it goes beyond preschool age to consider both isolated utterances and extended discourse, conversational interactions and monologic text construction, and both written and spoken language use from early school-age across adolescence. Language Development across . In Perspectives on Language and Language Development: Essay in Honor of Ruth A. Berman, ed. by Dorit Diskin Ravid, and Hava Bat-Zeev Shyldkrot, – Dordrecht; London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
In this article, I identify and describe different areas of Bajjika grammar where gender is encoded. Based on the analyses of excerpts from natural discourse, I also observe an interesting tendency in terms of written and spoken modebased neutralization of gender in Bajjika discourse.
We may then witness a potential neutralization of gender in terms of a diachronic change in the Bajjika grammar.Your social tour guides. Behind the tweets, posts and snaps is VCU’s official social media team.
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Attitudes to written language as a key component of linguistic literacy are reviewed across different periods in history and from the perspective of different disciplines. This overview considers the linguistic knowledge and language use of high-school adolescents, as a turning point in later, school-age language development (Berman ), reflected by the ability to.
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David Kennedy, The International Style in Postwar Law and Policy: John Jackson and the Field of International Economic Law, American University Journal of International Law and Policy, () Nathaniel Berman, Legalizing Jerusalem, Or, Of Law, Fantasy and Faith” 45 .
Language Development across Childhood and Adolescence by Ruth A. Berman, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.