Line numbers have been altered. This does not consist merely in the death of Macbeth upon the field of battle. Shakespeare is always more interested in the tragedy of the soul than in external events, and he here employs all his powers to paint for us the state of loneliness and hopeless misery to which a long succession of crimes has reduced Macbeth.
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However, until the late eighteenth century in England, it was unusual to imprison guilty people for long terms. Hanging and transportation were the main punishments for serious offences. Prisons served as lock-ups for debtors and places where the accused were kept before their trial.
However, by the Victorian era, prison had become an acceptable punishment for serious offenders and it was also seen as a means to prevent crime. It had become the main form of punishment for a wide range of offences. How did this change come about?
As towns grew and crime levels increased, people became more and more worried about how criminals could be kept under control. However, there was also public unease at the number of people being hung. There were more criminals than could be transported. The answer was to reform the police and to build more prisons: This was a massive building programme, costing millions of pounds.
There were the county and shires gaols, administered by Justices of the Peace. Gradually, the use of convict gaols came to include holding prisoners as part of the process of transportation to other countries.
Newgate was the main prison in this system.
There were also three convict prisons at Millbank, Pentonville and Brixton. Other convict gaols were situated at ports. What were conditions in the prisons like? The Prison The hulks were old sailing ships at south coast harbours or on the Thames at Woolwich. They were originally used as holding prisons for people waiting to be transported.
The rise in crime at the end of the French Wars caused a shortage of prisons, and so the hulks were more and more used to house ordinary prisoners. At one point, over two thirds of all prisoners were on the hulks. Conditions in them were terrible.
During outbreaks of disease such as cholera, large numbers of prisoners died because of the insanitary conditions on board and because water taken from the polluted Thames was used for all purposes. Prisoners were chained to their bunks at night to prevent them from slipping ashore.
During the day most of them worked ashore, usually on hard labour. The last of the hulks was burnt inbut they had been less and less used in the ten years before then.
This, along with the end of transportation, caused problems in some prisons. For example, the Bedford authorities thought that transportation and prison hulks would always be there to take surplus prisoners, and so they built the gaol too small for the number of local criminals.
You will see references to specific hulks in the "disposal" field of the data file - e. Houses of Correction, Gaols and Penitentiaries At the start of the century, prisons were mostly small, old and badly-run. They were squalid, overcrowded, unsanitary places.
Men, women and children were kept together in degrading surroundings and corruption was rife. They were unruly places. Prisoners had to provide their own food, and had little access to fresh water.
They had to pay the gaoler for every service, even for putting them in irons as a punishment. Those who had no money were forced to beg from local people passing the prison. There was no protection against other prisoners.
Those who caused most trouble were shackled in irons or whipped.Arkansas Regional Library.
NARL is a consortium of public libraries from Clay, Greene and Randolph Counties. The regional library allows for the pooling of resources to better serve the three counties. ” (Elizabethan crime and Punishment) During Queen Elizabeth’s time, the punishments were designed to fit the crime committed.
A person may complain about the consequences of crimes one commits, but looking back at the Elizabethan times, punishments are far less brutal now than how they were then.
To be hanged, drawn and quartered was from a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason, although the ritual was first recorded during the reign of King Henry III (–). A convicted traitor was fastened to a hurdle, or wooden panel, and drawn by horse to the place of execution, where he was then hanged (almost to the point of death), emasculated, disembowelled.
Open Document. Below is an essay on "Crime and Punishments in Elizabethan Era" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Elizabethan Era Crime and Punishment Essay In the Elizabethan era, doing a crime was the worst mistake of all, depending on how big your crime was, people had to know that their lives were at risk.
Event. Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.