From to the share of adults living in middle-income households fell in of the U. The decrease in the middle-class share was often substantial, measuring 6 percentage points or more in 53 metropolitan areas, compared with a 4-point drop nationally. The shrinking of the middle class at the national level, to the point where it may no longer be the economic majority in the U. The changes at the metropolitan level, the subject of this in-depth look at the American middle class, demonstrate that the national trend is the result of widespread declines in localities all around the country.
Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East.
The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy.
Palestine has been settled continuously for tens of thousands of years. Fossil remains have been found of Homo Erectus, Neanderthal and transitional types between Neanderthal and modern man.
Archeologists have Middle east report hybrid Emmer wheat at Jericho dating from before 8, B. Amorites, Canaanites, and other Semitic peoples related to the Phoenicians of Tyre entered the area about B. The area became known as the Land of Canaan.
Click here for historical maps and some details of early history The Jewish Kingdoms of Ancient Judah and Israel The archeological record indicates that the Jewish people evolved out of native Cana'anite peoples and invading tribes.
Some time between about and B. Canaan was settled by different tribes including Semitic peoples, Hittites, and later Philistines, peoples of the sea who are thought to have arrived from Mycenae, or to be part of the ancient Greek peoples that also settled Mycenae.
According to the Bible, Moses led the Israelites, or a portion of them, out of Egypt. Under Joshua, they conquered the tribes and city states of Canaan. Based on biblical traditions, it is estimated that king David conquered Jerusalem about B.
The kingdom was divided into Judea in the south and Israel in the north following the death of David's son, Solomon.
Jerusalem remained the center of Jewish sovereignty and of Jewish worship whenever the Jews exercised sovereignty over the country in the subsequent period, up to the Jewish revolt in AD. The Babylonians conquered Judea or Judah around B. They destroyed Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, and exiled a large number of Jews.
About 50 years later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylonia. Cyrus allowed a group of Jews from Babylonia to rebuild Jerusalem and settle in it. However, a large number of Jews remained in Babylonia, forming the first Jewish Diaspora. After the reestablishment of a Jewish state or protectorate, the Babylonian exiles maintained contact with authorities there.
The Persians ruled the land from about to B.More than , Syrians have lost their lives in four-and-a-half years of armed conflict, which began with anti-government protests before escalating into a full-scale civil war.
FAO, OIE, WHO on MERS: Progress on the global response, remaining challenges and the way forward 26 September - In September , FAO, OIE and WHO brought together affected member states, public health and animal officials, and academics to discuss what is known and unknown about the zoonotic origin of MERS-CoV.
Free Middle East News Service - Click here to get latest Middle East news about Iran Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, Syria delivered to your inbox as it happens . Critical History of the Middle East Peace Process Country News: Afghanistan Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Lebanon Palestine Pakistan .
Purpose: Defining proposed spheres of influence and control in the Middle East should the Triple Entente succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire. Description: Middle East Report is the foremost U.S. magazine of critical analysis on the Middle East, and its international readership of 25, makes it one of the most widely read publications on the Middle East.
Each issue features in-depth analytical articles on Middle East politics, culture and society, and U.S. policy toward the region, as well as engaging journalistic dispatches.