Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made. It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals. Good leaders are thus made, not born.
This is to be expected, as no one leadership style or theory can work in isolation, and no leader can align with one style to utilize in all situations. What is Servant Leadership? Servant Theories of leadership in schools has become a common term among educational and business leaders over the past decade.
The term, however, was first created in Robert K. In his essay, he states: The servant-leader is servant first… It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first.
Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possessions…The leader-first and the servant-first are two extreme types.
Between them there are shadings and blends that are part of the infinite variety of human nature. The servant leader will also assist subordinates in professional growth and empowermentas well as building a supportive community environment. This philosophy speaks to leaders who consider the needs of their followers first—especially in education.
It inspires us to balance the needs of followers with the desire to lead, and encourages us to treat others with respect, altruism, fairness, and honesty.
In addition, it requires a leader to build community and lead in an ethical manner. Authentic Leadership Closely aligned with servant leadership is authentic leadership.
Northouse stated in his book Leadership Theory and Practice that authentic leadership encompasses both the intrapersonal domain, which focuses on the leader and his or her self-concept and self-knowledge, and the interpersonal domain, which is more relational and created by leaders and followers together Northouse,pp.
An advantage of authentic leadership is that it is developmental and can be nurtured in any leader.
It has a definite moral dimension. However, critics of the process feel that it is still in the formative stages of development and that it is not clear how authentic leadership affects production or positive outcomes for the organization.
Ethical Leadership Often used interchangeably with servant leadership, ethical leadership focuses on that which is fair and just to others. Particularly, ethical leadership focuses on acting with integrity, fairness, and ethical practices. Ethical leadership also entails knowledge of policy and social justice, as well as district culture.
In addition, a leader must be aware of all moral and legal consequences of decision-making and strive to practice inclusive leadership with an emphasis on cultural diversity. Scholars through the years have supported the role of reflective practice by educational leaders, and this is encouraged in this domain of leadership as leaders strive to become more self-aware and serve as role models of ethical leadership.
It is well known that one responsibility of the school superintendent is to nurture the vision, mission, and culture of the district.This is followed by an examination of the theories of leadership, principles and styles of leadership.
Each section ends with an identification of contemporary issues and possible means of amelioration. This article concludes that success is certain if the application of the leadership styles, principles and methods is properly and fully. In addition to servant leadership, there are a few current leadership theories that have either evolved from or are closely aligned with servant leadership.
Authentic Leadership Closely aligned with servant leadership is authentic leadership. Leadership theory and educational outcomes: The case of distributed and transformational leadership overview of research on the effects of two contemporary leadership theories (distributed leadership and transformational leadership) on educational outcomes.
The schools and acknowledges that there may be “highly influential individuals. A review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from “Great Man” and “Trait” theories to “Transformational” leadership (see table).
Whilst early theories tend to focus.
In addition to servant leadership, there are a few current leadership theories that have either evolved from or are closely aligned with servant leadership.
Authentic Leadership Closely aligned with servant leadership is authentic leadership.
Literature review about Leadership consists of a number of leadership theories, styles and approaches. The most of these theories on school leadership have focused on individual capabilities.
Recently this believes are challenged because of organizational changes and reform in our educational system.