Also, your daily water levels vary, which can further confuse what is really going on. How much should I weigh? The only way to get a clear picture during a weight loss program is to measure body fat composition, i. It is easy for people to mistake activity for achievement.
Public transport timetable Timetables or 'schedules' in North American English are provided by the transport operator to allow users to plan their journeys. They are often supplemented by maps and fare schemes to help travelers coordinate their travel. Online public transport route planners help make planning easier.
Mobile apps are available for multiple transit systems that provide timetables and other service information and, in some cases, allow ticket purchase, some allowing to plan your journey, with time fares zones eg. Services are often arranged to operate at regular intervals throughout the day or part of the day known as clock-face scheduling.
Often, more frequent services or even extra routes are operated during the morning and evening rush hours.
Coordination between services at interchange points is important to reduce the total travel time for passengers. This can be done by coordinating shuttle services with main routes, or by creating a fixed time for instance To determine the percentage by mass per hour when all bus and rail routes meet at a station and exchange passengers.
There is often a potential conflict between this objective and optimising the utilisation of vehicles and drivers.
Financing[ edit ] The main sources of financing are ticket revenue, government subsidies and advertising.
The percentage of revenue from passenger charges is known as the farebox recovery ratio. A limited amount of income may come from land development and rental income from stores and vendors, parking fees, and leasing tunnels and rights-of-way to carry fiber optic communication lines.
Fare and ticketing[ edit ] A contactless ticket validator used in MoscowRussia The Smartrider is a smart card for public transportation tickets in PerthWestern Australia Most—but not all—public transport requires the purchase of a ticket to generate revenue for the operators.
Tickets may be bought either in advance, or at the time of the journey, or the carrier may allow both methods. Passengers may be issued with a paper ticket, a metal or plastic tokenor a magnetic or electronic card smart cardcontactless smart card. Sometimes a ticket has to be validated, e.
Tickets may be valid for a single or return trip, or valid within a certain area for a period of time see transit pass. The fare is based on the travel class, either depending on the traveled distance, or based on zone pricing. The tickets may have to be shown or checked automatically at the station platform or when boarding, or during the ride by a conductor.
Operators may choose to control all riders, allowing sale of the ticket at the time of ride. Alternatively, a proof-of-payment system allows riders to enter the vehicles without showing the ticket, but riders may or may not be controlled by a ticket controller ; if the rider fails to show proof of payment, the operator may fine the rider at the magnitude of the fare.
Multi-use tickets allow travel more than once. In addition to return tickets, this includes period cards allowing travel within a certain area for instance month cardsor during a given number of days that can be chosen within a longer period of time for instance eight days within a month.
Passes aimed at tourists, allowing free or discounted entry at many tourist attractions, typically include zero-fare public transport within the city.
Period tickets may be for a particular route in both directionsor for a whole network. A free travel pass allowing free and unlimited travel within a system is sometimes granted to particular social sectors, for example students, elderly, children, employees job ticket and the physically or mentally disabled.
Zero-fare public transport services are funded in full by means other than collecting a fare from passengers, normally through heavy subsidy or commercial sponsorship by businesses. Several mid-size European cities and many smaller towns around the world have converted their entire bus networks to zero-fare.
The only European capital with free public transport is Tallinn. Local zero-fare shuttles or inner-city loops are far more common than city-wide systems. There are also zero-fare airport circulators and university transportation systems.
Revenue, profit and subsidies[ edit ] Main article: Subsidy Governments frequently opt to subsidize public transport for social, environmental or economic reasons.
Common motivations include the desire to provide transport to people who are unable to use an automobile  and to reduce congestion, land use and automobile emissions. For example, the government may allow free or reduced-cost use of state-owned infrastructure such as railways and roads, to stimulate public transport's economic competitiveness over private transport, that normally also has free infrastructure subsidized through such things as gas taxes.
Other subsidies include tax advantages for instance aviation fuel is typically not taxedbailouts if companies that are likely to collapse often applied to airlines and reduction of competition through licensing schemes often applied to taxis and airlines. Private transport is normally subsidized indirectly through free roads and infrastructure,  as well as incentives to build car factories  and, on occasion, directly via bailouts of automakers.
Some research has supported this position,  but the measurement of benefits and costs is a complex and controversial issue.During weight loss, the goal is to reduce body fat and maintain/ increase muscle iridis-photo-restoration.comore, scales don’t provide a clear picture of what is happening.
They don’t tell you how much of your weight is fat and how much muscle. What is body mass index or BMI? The body mass index otherwise known as BMI, is a simple calculation using a person’s height and weight. The result typically in the range of 15 to 60 is known as the BMI or body mass index score.
Body Fat Percentage Chart. To get started, calculate your lean body mass figure (this calculator can rely either on the body fat percentage chart or any professional body fat measure you may have).
As you can see, it is evident how damaging it can get for individuals when body fat percentage starts to exceed or equal lean mass.
Excess tissue weight (also accompanied with water) on your organs and bones, can cause. Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women. Enter your weight and height using standard or metric measures.
Select "Compute BMI" and your BMI will appear below. What do these amounts look like? Below, you’ll see images of what people look like with different amounts of body fat. Men: Women: A quick note: your body fat percentage is just the amount of body fat you have; it has nothing to do with the amount of muscle mass you have, which means you can have two people with the same amount of body fat percentage .