Share via Email This article is over 6 years old Police officers stand guard during a protest against the film Innocence of Muslims outside the US embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia. The US and UK, say the researchers, are among countries showing a worrying rise in religious discrimination. The survey, The Rising Tide of Restrictions on Religionis the second successive one by Pew to note increasing intolerance worldwide.
Definition[ edit ] The mere statement on the part of a religion that its own beliefs and practices are correct and any contrary beliefs are incorrect does not in itself constitute intolerance i.
Religious intolerance, rather, is when a group e. Historical perspectives[ edit ] The modern concept of intolerance developed out of the religious controversies between Protestants and Catholics in 17th- and 18th-century England. The constitutions of some countries contain provisions expressly forbidding the state from engaging in certain acts of religious intolerance or preference within its own borders, examples of such include the First Amendment of the United States Constitutionthe Article 4 of the Basic Law of GermanyArticle These constitutional provisions do not necessarily guarantee that all elements of the state remain free from religious intolerance at all times, and practice can vary widely from country to country.
Other countries, meanwhile, may allow for religious preference, for instance through the establishment of one or more state religionsbut not for religious intolerance. Finlandfor example, has the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland and Finnish Orthodox Church as its official state religions, yet upholds the right of free expression of religion in article 11 of its constitution.
Some countries retain laws forbidding defamation of religious belief. Some retain laws forbidding all forms of blasphemy e.
The connection between intolerance and blasphemy laws is closest when the laws apply to only one religion. The United Nations upholds the right to free expression of religious belief in articles and 18 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights while article 2 forbids discrimination on the basis of religion.
Article 18 also allows for the freedom to change religion. The Declaration is not legally binding, however the United States chose in to pass the International Religious Freedom Act, creating the Commission on International Religious Freedomand mandating that the United States government take action against any country found to violate the religious freedoms outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In its annual report on international religious freedom, the U. State Department cited China, MyanmarIran, Iraq and Sudan for persecuting people for their religious faith and practices. The report, which covers July through Junedetails U. The countries receiving a score of 7, indicating those where religious freedom was least respected, were TurkmenistanIran, Saudi Arabia, SudanMyanmar and North Korea.
China was given a score of 6 overall, however Tibet was listed separately in the 7 category.
Those countries receiving a score of 1, indicating the highest level of religious freedom, were EstoniaFinlandIrelandthe NetherlandsNorway and the United States.
Some individuals and religious groups, for example, retain beliefs or practices which involve acts contrary to established law, such as the use of cannabis by members of the Rastafari movementthe religious use of eagle feathers by non- Native Americans contrary to the eagle feather law50 CFR 22or the practice of polygamy amongst the LDS Church in the 19th century.
Several non-governmental organizations promoted tolerance and better understanding among religions in the country, both indigenous and non-indigenous. In Victoria, Australia the Racial and Religious Tolerance Act makes illegal "conduct that incites hatred against, serious contempt for, or revulsion or severe ridicule of, that other person or class of persons" on the grounds of religious belief.
As part of the consultations, the commission considered whether Muslim citizens shared an ethnic origin or race, as well as a religion, which would entitle them to comprehensive protection under the Federal Race Discrimination Act. In January the leader of the neo-Nazi Australian Nationalist Movement was connected to incidents in in which several Asian-owned businesses and a synagogue in Perth were firebombed or sprayed with racist graffiti.
On December 11,there was a riot in the Sydney suburb of Cronulla, that erupted because a group of Lebanese-Australian youths had assaulted two lifeguards. When the gathering turned violent, bystanders perceived to be of Middle Eastern origin or Muslim were attacked.Among other countries showing marked increases in religious intolerance for the first time, though still classed only as "moderate", is the US, which also registers a rise for the first time on.
America’s True History of Religious Tolerance The idea that the United States has always been a bastion of religious freedom is reassuring—and utterly at . Why not think about it that way: Tolerance can be considered a bad concept. Tolerance is not liking something, but not actually doing something against it.
To what extent and why did religious toleration increase in the American colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries? answer with reference to 3 individuals, events, or movements in colonial hist.
during the 17th and 18th centuries. Walking to the gallows, William Leddra knew that his death was not going to be neither quick nor painless.
The Crusades increased religious tolerance among Muslims. B. The Crus 1. Log in Join now 1. Log in Join now High School.
History. 10 points What was an effect of the Crusades on the Muslim world? A. The Crusades increased religious tolerance among Muslims. B. The Crusades increased Muslims’ distrust of Europeans.4/4(4).
Pluralism and tolerance of diversity are built into Hindu theology India's long history is a testimony to its tolerance of religious diversity. Christianity came to India with St. Thomas in the first century CE, long before it became popular in the West.